Hair Restoration Surgery Risk Factors

All surgeries carry some amount of risk factors. A risk factor refers to anything that increases the risk for harm for a patient who is considering surgery. Hair restoration is no exception to the rule even though it is a minor surgery compared to the many other surgeries out there.

What is Hair Restoration?

Hair restoration refers to the treatment of hair loss whether surgical or non-surgical. Female pattern baldness or male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss. There are non-surgical options for hair restoration such as: minoxidil, finateride and laser treatment. The surgical option of hair transplant comes with numerous benefits but there are also risks. Hair transplant surgery is permanent and entails moving hair from the sides and back of the scalp to the bald area. Hair transplant surgery should be performed by certified physicians who specialize in the area of hair replacement. More details here!

What Are The Risk Factors?

The risk factors of hair restoration are factors which may increase the possibility of the patient having any complications post-surgery such as swelling, delayed healing or excessive bleeding. A surgeon is responsible for asking all the necessary questions pertaining to the risk factors and the patient is responsible for answering the questions as accurately and truthfully as possible.  The questions are asked and need to be answered for the safety of the patient and so that the doctor is aware of any factors that may increase the possibility of post-surgery complications. The risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Herbal supplement use
  • Anorexia or bulimia or any other malnutrition diseases
  • Anti-flammatory drugs or any other drugs that affect blood clotting
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Use of tobacco (cigarette smoking on a long term)
  • Bacterial infections that may be chronic or recurrent
  • Any chronic diseases – liver, kidney, heart

Possible Hair Restoration Complications

Even though the procedure of hair transplant is a minor one there are still possible complications. Complications are sometimes heightened by the existence of the risk factors mentioned above. Some common complications include:

  • Swelling – swelling of the forehead is a complication that is very rare in patients.
  • Bleeding – a slight bleeding after the hair replacement surgery is normal however there can be complications of bleeding if the patient has issues with blood clotting.
  • Infection – infection is unlikely and may only occur in one in every thousand patients. Infections are however easily treated with antibiotics.
  • Hiccups – the cause of hiccups after surgery is unknown but is also a very rare side effect.
  • Keloid Scarring – this type of complication only occurs in patients who are pre-disposed as only a handful of persons have the problem of keloid skin where a scar heals abnormally with excess skin.

As with any other surgery, hair restoration is to be taken seriously. The physician is responsible for sharing all the details of the procedure with the patient and finding out all the necessary information from the patient as well.  The patient is the responsible for listening to the doctor’s instructions/recommendations, asking questions where there are any misunderstandings and also providing accurate and truthful information where any questions are asked. Risk factors are to be out in the open prior to surgery so as to anticipate any complications that may occur.

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